52. American Thoracic Society Documents.: Guidelines for the Management of Adults with Hospital-acquired, Ventilator-associated, and Healthcare-associated Pneumonia, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.; 171 (4): 388-416, 2005. 53. Jordi Rello, Jose Artur Paiva, Jorge Baraibar.: International Conference for the Development of Consensus on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia, Chest.; 120 (3): 955-970, 2001. 54. Sophie Michaud, Sadao Suzuki and Stephan Harbarth.: Effect of Design-related Bias in Studies of Diagnostic Tests for Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.; 166 (10): 1320-1325, 2002. 55. Neus Fbregas, Santiago Ewig, Antoni Torres.: Clinical diagnosis of ventilator associated pneumonia revisited: comparative validation using immediate post- mortem lung biopsies, Thorax.; 54 (10): 867-873, 1999. 56. Cook D.J., Walter S.D., Cook R.J., Griffith L.E., Guyatt G.H., Leasa D., Jaeschke R.Z., Brun-Buisson C.: Incidence of and risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients, Ann Intern Med.; 129 (6): 433-440, 1998. 57. Fagon J.Y., Chastre J., Vuagnat A., Trouillet J.L., Novara A., Gibert C.: Nosocomial pneumonia and mortality among patients in intensive care units, JAMA.; 275 (11): 866-869, 1996. 58. Mondi M.M., Chang M.C., Bowton D.L., Kilgo P.D., Meredith J.W., Miller P.R.: Prospective comparison of bronchoalveolar lavage and quantitative deep tracheal aspirate in the diagnosis of ventilator associated pneumonia, J. Trauma.; 59 (4): 891-5, 2005. 59. Ruiz J., Sanchez-Nieto J.M., Torres A., Garcia-Cordoba F., El-Ebiary M., Carrillo A.: Impact of invasive and noninvasive quantitative culture sampling on outcome of ventilatorassociated pneumonia: a pilot study, Am J Respir Crit Care Med.; 157 (2): 371-6, 1998. 60. Mauricio Ruiz, Antoni Torres, Santiago Ewig, Maria Angeles Marcos.: Noninvasive Versus Invasive Microbial Investigation in Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.; 162 (1): 119-125, 2000. 61. Rajasekhar T., Anuradha K., Suhasini T., Lakshmi V.: The role of quantitative cultures of non-bronchoscopic samples in ventilator associated pneumonia, Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.; 24 (2): 107-113, 2006. 62. Craven D.E., Steger K.A.: Nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated adult patients: epidemiology and prevention in 1996, Semin Respir Infect.; 11 (1): 32-53, 1996. 63. No authors listed.: Hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults: diagnosis, assessment of severity, initial antimicrobial therapy, and preventive strategies. A consensus statement,
54



55. SAYFAYA BENZER SAYFALAR

Entübasyon tüpü kaf basınçlarının alt ve üst sınırda tutulmasının ventilatör ilişkili pnömoni insidansına etkisi - Sayfa 56
47 50-Fabrice M, Gainnier M, Sainty JM, Laurent PF, Franceschini B, Berger P, Arnal JM. Early Antibiotic Treatment for BAL Confirmed Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia-A Role for Routine Endotracheal Aspirate Cultures. Chest. 2005;127:589–597. 51-Heyland D A. Randomized Trial of Diagnostic Techniques for Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia. N Engl J Med. 2006;355:2619-30. 52-Croce MA, Fabian TC, Waddl...
Yoğun bakım hastalarında ventilatörle ilişkili pnömonide epidemiyoloji, mortalite ve mortaliteye neden olan risk faktörlerinin retrospektif olarak incelenmesi - Sayfa 36
position: possible role in the pathogenesis of ventilator- associated pneumonia. Crit Care Med. 2008; 36: 518-25. 15. Ibrahim EH, Tracy L, Hill C, Fraser VJ, Kollef MH. The occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a community hospital: risk factors and clinical outcomes. Chest. 2001;120:555-61. 16. Craven DE. Epidemiology of ventilator-associated pneumonia. Chest. 2000;117:186-7. 17. Denne...
Multıple travmalı hastalarda gelişen ventilatör ilişkili pnömonili olgularda APACHE III, GKS, TS ve SOFA skorlama sistemlerinin mortalite ve morbidite üzerine etkisi - Sayfa 43
18. Chevret S, Hemmer M, Carlet J. Incidence and risk factors of pneumonia acquired in intensive care units. Results from a multicenter prospective study on 996 patients. European Cooperative Group on Nosocomial Pneumonia. Intensive Care Med 1993;19:256-64. 19. Rello J, Ollendorf DA, Oster G. Epidemiology and outcomes of ventilatorassociated pneumonia in a large US database. Chest 2002;122:211521...

55. SAYFADAKI ANAHTAR KELIMELER

crit
chest
torres
ventilator
associated
care


55. SAYFA ICERIGI

52. American Thoracic Society Documents.: Guidelines for the Management of Adults with Hospital-acquired, Ventilator-associated, and Healthcare-associated Pneumonia, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.; 171 (4): 388-416, 2005. 53. Jordi Rello, Jose Artur Paiva, Jorge Baraibar.: International Conference for the Development of Consensus on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia, Chest.; 120 (3): 955-970, 2001. 54. Sophie Michaud, Sadao Suzuki and Stephan Harbarth.: Effect of Design-related Bias in Studies of Diagnostic Tests for Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.; 166 (10): 1320-1325, 2002. 55. Neus Fbregas, Santiago Ewig, Antoni Torres.: Clinical diagnosis of ventilator associated pneumonia revisited: comparative validation using immediate post- mortem lung biopsies, Thorax.; 54 (10): 867-873, 1999. 56. Cook D.J., Walter S.D., Cook R.J., Griffith L.E., Guyatt G.H., Leasa D., Jaeschke R.Z., Brun-Buisson C.: Incidence of and risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients, Ann Intern Med.; 129 (6): 433-440, 1998. 57. Fagon J.Y., Chastre J., Vuagnat A., Trouillet J.L., Novara A., Gibert C.: Nosocomial pneumonia and mortality among patients in intensive care units, JAMA.; 275 (11): 866-869, 1996. 58. Mondi M.M., Chang M.C., Bowton D.L., Kilgo P.D., Meredith J.W., Miller P.R.: Prospective comparison of bronchoalveolar lavage and quantitative deep tracheal aspirate in the diagnosis of ventilator associated pneumonia, J. Trauma.; 59 (4): 891-5, 2005. 59. Ruiz J., Sanchez-Nieto J.M., Torres A., Garcia-Cordoba F., El-Ebiary M., Carrillo A.: Impact of invasive and noninvasive quantitative culture sampling on outcome of ventilatorassociated pneumonia: a pilot study, Am J Respir Crit Care Med.; 157 (2): 371-6, 1998. 60. Mauricio Ruiz, Antoni Torres, Santiago Ewig, Maria Angeles Marcos.: Noninvasive Versus Invasive Microbial Investigation in Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.; 162 (1): 119-125, 2000. 61. Rajasekhar T., Anuradha K., Suhasini T., Lakshmi V.: The role of quantitative cultures of non-bronchoscopic samples in ventilator associated pneumonia, Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology.; 24 (2): 107-113, 2006. 62. Craven D.E., Steger K.A.: Nosocomial pneumonia in mechanically ventilated adult patients: epidemiology and prevention in 1996, Semin Respir Infect.; 11 (1): 32-53, 1996. 63. No authors listed.: Hospital-acquired pneumonia in adults: diagnosis, assessment of severity, initial antimicrobial therapy, and preventive strategies. A consensus statement,
54

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