American Thoracic Society, November 1995, Am J Respir Crit Care Med.; 153 (5): 17111725, 1996. 64. American Gastroenterological Association.: American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement: guidelines for the use of enteral nutrition, Gastroenterology.; 108 (4): 1280-1, 1995. 65. Garrouste-Orgeas M., Chevret S., Arlet G., Marie O., Rouveau M., Popoff N., Schlemmer B.: Oropharyngeal or gastric colonization and nosocomial pneumonia in adult intensive care unit patients. A prospective study based on genomic DNA analysis, Am J Respir Crit Care Med.; 156 (5): 1647-1655, 1997 66. Torres A., el-Ebiary M., Gonzalez J., Ferrer M., Puig de la Bellacasa J., Gene A., Martos A., Rodriguez-Roisin R.: Gastric and pharyngeal flora in nosocomial pneumonia acquired during mechanical ventilation, Am Rev Respir Dis.; 148 (2): 352-357, 1993. 67. Bonten M.J.: Controversies on diagnosis and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia, Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis.; 34 (3): 199-204, 1999. 68. Mori H., Hirasawa H., Oda S., Shiga H., Matsuda K., Nakamura M.: Oral Care Reduces Incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in ICU Populations, Intensive Care Med.; 32 (2): 230-6, 2006. 69. Magnotti, Louis J. M.D., Deitch, Edwin A. M.D.: Burns, Bacterial Translocation, Gut Barrier Function, and Failure, The American Burn Association.; 26 (5), 383-391, 2005. 70. Sakomoto K., Hirose H., Onizuka A., Hayashi M., Futamura N., Kawamura Y., Ezaki T.: Quantitative study of changes in intestinal morphology and mucus gel on total parenteral nutrition in rats, J Surg Res.; 94 (2): 99-106, 2000. 71. Ismail Cinel, Ali Altunkan, Zeliha Özer Koçak.: Comparison of the Effects of Enteral Formulas on Bacterial Translocation, Cytokines and Lipid peroxidation in a rat malnutrition model, Mersin Üniversitesi Tip Fakültesi Derg.; 1: 31-39, 2002. 72. Moore F.A., Moore E.E., Jones T.N., McCroskey B.L., Peterson V.M.: TEN versus TPN following major abdominal trauma: Reduced septic morbidity, J Trauma.; 29 (7): 916-922, 1989. 73. Heyland D.K., Cook D.J., Schoenfeld P.S., Frie tag A., Varon J., Wood G.: The effect of acidified enteral feeds on gastric colonization in critically ill patients: results of a multicenter randomized trial. Canadian Critical Care Trials Group, Crit Care Med.; 27 (11): 2399-2406, 1999. 74. Jean Chastre and Jean-Yves Fagon.: Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.; 165 (7): 867-903, 2002.
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56. SAYFAYA BENZER SAYFALAR

Ventilatör tedavisi altındaki yoğun bakım hastalarında gelişen pnömonilerde mikroorganizma ve antibiyotik direnç paternleri - Sayfa 49
40. Jarvis WR, Edwards JR, Culver OH, et al. Nosocomial infections rates in adult and pediatric intensive care units in the United States Am J Med 1991;91:1dfi-91 41. 7, 128. Johanson WG, Pierce AK, Sanford JP, Changing Pharyngeal bacterial flora of hospitalized patients : emergence of gram negative bacilli . N Engl J Med 1969;281: 1137 42. Johanson WG Jr, Woods DE, Chaudhuri T, Association of r...
Ventilatör ilişkili pnömonide mortaliteyi belirlemede CPIS, APACHE II ve MPM II sistemlerinin karşılaştırılması Ventilatör ilişkili pnömonide mortaliteyi belirlemede CPIS, APACHE II ve MPM II skorlama sistemlerinin karşilaştirilmasi - Sayfa 53
18. de Lassence A, Alberti C, Azoulay E. Impact of unplanned extubation and reintubation after weaning on nosocomial pneumonia risk in the intensive care unit: a prospective multicenter study. Anesthesiology 2002;97:148-56. 19. Kollef MH. Ventilator-associated pneumonia: a multivariate analysis. JAMA 1993;27:1965–70. 20. Chastre J, Fagon JY. Ventilator-associated Pneumonia. Am J Respir Crit Care...
Gaziantep Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi Dahiliye Yoğun Bakım Ünitesi'nde saptanan ventilatör ilişkili pnömoni sürveyans verilerinin irdelenmesi - Sayfa 91
77 40. Ahmed QAA, Niederman MS. Respiratory infection in chronically critically ill patient: Ventilator-associated pneumonia and tracheobronchitis. Clin Chest Med 2001; 22:71-85. 41. Orozco-Levi M, Torres A, Ferrer M, Pira C, El-Ebiary M, de la Bellacasa JP. Semirecumbent position protects from pulmonary aspiration but not completely from gastroesophageal reflux in mechanically ventilated patien...

56. SAYFADAKI ANAHTAR KELIMELER

pneumonia
respir
crit
care
nosocomial
patients


56. SAYFA ICERIGI

American Thoracic Society, November 1995, Am J Respir Crit Care Med.; 153 (5): 17111725, 1996. 64. American Gastroenterological Association.: American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement: guidelines for the use of enteral nutrition, Gastroenterology.; 108 (4): 1280-1, 1995. 65. Garrouste-Orgeas M., Chevret S., Arlet G., Marie O., Rouveau M., Popoff N., Schlemmer B.: Oropharyngeal or gastric colonization and nosocomial pneumonia in adult intensive care unit patients. A prospective study based on genomic DNA analysis, Am J Respir Crit Care Med.; 156 (5): 1647-1655, 1997 66. Torres A., el-Ebiary M., Gonzalez J., Ferrer M., Puig de la Bellacasa J., Gene A., Martos A., Rodriguez-Roisin R.: Gastric and pharyngeal flora in nosocomial pneumonia acquired during mechanical ventilation, Am Rev Respir Dis.; 148 (2): 352-357, 1993. 67. Bonten M.J.: Controversies on diagnosis and prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia, Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis.; 34 (3): 199-204, 1999. 68. Mori H., Hirasawa H., Oda S., Shiga H., Matsuda K., Nakamura M.: Oral Care Reduces Incidence of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in ICU Populations, Intensive Care Med.; 32 (2): 230-6, 2006. 69. Magnotti, Louis J. M.D., Deitch, Edwin A. M.D.: Burns, Bacterial Translocation, Gut Barrier Function, and Failure, The American Burn Association.; 26 (5), 383-391, 2005. 70. Sakomoto K., Hirose H., Onizuka A., Hayashi M., Futamura N., Kawamura Y., Ezaki T.: Quantitative study of changes in intestinal morphology and mucus gel on total parenteral nutrition in rats, J Surg Res.; 94 (2): 99-106, 2000. 71. Ismail Cinel, Ali Altunkan, Zeliha Özer Koçak.: Comparison of the Effects of Enteral Formulas on Bacterial Translocation, Cytokines and Lipid peroxidation in a rat malnutrition model, Mersin Üniversitesi Tip Fakültesi Derg.; 1: 31-39, 2002. 72. Moore F.A., Moore E.E., Jones T.N., McCroskey B.L., Peterson V.M.: TEN versus TPN following major abdominal trauma: Reduced septic morbidity, J Trauma.; 29 (7): 916-922, 1989. 73. Heyland D.K., Cook D.J., Schoenfeld P.S., Frie tag A., Varon J., Wood G.: The effect of acidified enteral feeds on gastric colonization in critically ill patients: results of a multicenter randomized trial. Canadian Critical Care Trials Group, Crit Care Med.; 27 (11): 2399-2406, 1999. 74. Jean Chastre and Jean-Yves Fagon.: Ventilator-associated Pneumonia, Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med.; 165 (7): 867-903, 2002.
55

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